surface coal mining in the united states
surface coal mining in the united states
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surface coal mining in the united states

AP 42 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining

the surface coal mines located in the western United States. In Tables 11.9-1 and 11.9-2, the assigned quality ratings apply within the ranges of source conditions that were tested in developing the equations given in Table 11.9-3. However, the equations should be derated 1 letter value (e. g., A to B) if applied to eastern surface coal mines.

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Coal mining in the United States - Wikipedia

As of 2013, 41 percent of US coal production was mined from federal land, almost all of it in the western US, where federal coal makes up about 80 percent of mined production. The federal coal program is overseen by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) under the US Department of Interior. Federal coal lands are leased by competitive sealed bids, for the highest bonus (initial payment) offered. In addition, the government receives an annual rental of $3 per acre, and a fi

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Surface Coal Mining Missouri Department of Natural

Most of the surface coal mining in Missouri took place before the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (the federal law that governs the activities of surface coal mining and reclamation in the United States). Missouri Mining Commission Interstate Mining Compact Commission Fees and Permits

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Table 9. Major U.S. Coal Mines, 2020

Major U.S. Coal Mines, 2020 Rank Mine Name / Operating Company Mine Type State Production (short tons) 1 North Antelope Rochelle Mine / Peabody Powder River Mining LLC Surface Wyoming 66,111,840 2 Black Thunder / Thunder Basin Coal Company LLC Surface Wyoming 50,188,766 3 Antelope Coal Mine / Navajo Transitional Energy Com Surface

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Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia US EPA

Nov 23, 2021  Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee. Basic Information What is surface coal mining in Appalachia?

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Coal and the environment - U.S. Energy Information ...

Dec 02, 2021  Surface mines (sometimes called strip mines) were the source of about 62% of the coal mined in the United States in 2019. These mining operations remove the soil and rock above coal deposits, or seams. The largest surface mines in the United States are in Wyoming's Powder River Basin, where coal deposits are close to the surface and are up to ...

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Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia US EPA

Nov 23, 2021  Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.

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The number of producing U.S. coal mines fell in 2020 ...

Jul 30, 2021  By the end of 2020, the number of producing coal mines in the United States fell to 551 mines, the lowest number since U.S. coal production peaked in 2008.In 2020, 40 coal mines were opened or reactivated, and 151 mines were idled or closed.

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Mapping the yearly extent of surface coal mining in ...

Surface mining for coal has taken place in the Central Appalachian region of the United States for well over a century, with a notable increase since the 1970s. Researchers have quantified the ecosystem and health impacts stemming from mining, relying in part on a geospatial dataset defining surface mining's extent at a decadal interval.

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List of coal mines in the United States - Wikipedia

The following table lists the coal mines in the United States that produced at least 4,000,000 short tons of coal.. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), there were 853 coal mines in the U.S. in 2015, producing a total of 896,941,000 short tons of coal.

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Surface Coal Mining in the Northern Great Plains of the ...

----- SURFACE COAL MINING IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS OF THE WESTERN UNITED STATES An Introduction and Inventory Utilizing Aerial Photography Collected in 1974 and 1975 June, 1976 Prepared by: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency * Off ice of Energy Activities* Region VIII, Denver, Colorado * Off ice of Energy, Minerals, and Industry* Office of

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Coal Mine Safety Achievements in the USA and the ...

The United States’ coal mining industry employs about 75,000 persons, producing more than 1.1 billion short tons of coal per year, approximately 60% is from surface mines and 40% from underground mines. Coal mining operations are concentrated in the eastern United States (Figure 1), with more than 70% of all operations located in

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Respirable coal mine dust at surface mines, United States ...

However, pneumoconiosis and other occupational respiratory diseases also occur in surface coal miners, which is noteworthy given current differences between the surface and underground coal mining industries in the United States. In 2017, surface operations produced 500 million short tons of coal, compared with 271 million from underground ...

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Surface Coal Mining in the Northern Great Plains of the ...

----- SURFACE COAL MINING IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS OF THE WESTERN UNITED STATES An Introduction and Inventory Utilizing Aerial Photography Collected in 1974 and 1975 June, 1976 Prepared by: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency "A" Off ice of Energy Activities^ Region VIII, Denver, Colorado •^Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry^ Office of

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Annual Coal Reports - U.S. Energy Information ...

The average number of employees at U.S. coal mines decreased by 10,645 from the 2019 level to 42,159 employees. U.S. coal mining productivity, as measured by average production per employee hour, increased 3.0% from the 2019 level to 6.12 short tons per employee hour. U.S. coal consumption decreased 18.7% from the 2019 level to 476.7 MMst.

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GAO-10-206 Surface Coal Mining: Financial Assurances for ...

United States Senate . Surface mining for coal in the mountainous areas of Appalachia—a process often referred to as mountaintop mining—has generated opposition in recent years because of its impact on landscapes, streams, ecosystems, and communities. In mountaintop mining, before the

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Coal Mining in the United States - 5216 Words Research ...

Oct 21, 2021  The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 came to the fore as a result of the incidents and accidents that had occurred in mining areas across the United States. There was the inability of the authorities to address miners’ complaints regarding benefits as a result of occupational sicknesses, and other pressing issues in the ...

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Respirable coal mine dust at surface mines, United States ...

Background: Exposure to respirable coal mine dust can cause pneumoconiosis, an irreversible lung disease that can be debilitating. The mass concentration and quartz mass percent of respirable coal mine dust samples (annually, by occupation, by geographic region) from surface coal mines and surface facilities at U.S. underground mines during 1982-2017 were

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NACCO Industries, Inc. -- Company History

NACCO Industries, Inc. is a medium-sized, diversified holding company consisting of four major operating subsidiaries: the oldest, the North American Coal Corporation, is the tenth-largest producer of lignite (surface-mined) coal in the United States; Hyster-Yale Materials Handling, Inc., which designs and manufactures forklifts for domestic ...

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The number of producing U.S. coal mines fell in 2020 ...

Jul 30, 2021  By the end of 2020, the number of producing coal mines in the United States fell to 551 mines, the lowest number since U.S. coal production peaked in 2008.In 2020, 40 coal mines were opened or reactivated, and 151

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GAO-10-21 Surface Coal Mining: Characteristics of Mining ...

United States Senate . Surface mining for coal in the mountainous areas of Appalachia—often referred to as mountaintop mining—generates controversy due to the scale of mining operations and concern about the post-mining appearance of reclaimed lands, among other issues. Mountaintop mining operations

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Appendix E: Coal Mining in the United States Monitoring ...

Appendix E Coal Mining in the United States HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. Coal is widely distributed around the world and the United States has approximately 21 percent of the world’s coal resources ().The coal industry in the United States is mature, tracing its origin to the first commercial exploitation of coal in the Manakin area, near Richmond, Virginia, in 1701.

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Surface Mining Reclamation

Apr 19, 2021  Many lignite deposits lie close to the surface, easily reached with modern mining technology. Texas is the largest consumer of coal in the United States and in 2015 was the seventh largest coal-producing state.In 1975, the Texas Legislature gave the Railroad Commission jurisdiction to regulate surface mining for coal and uranium.

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The five largest coal-producing states in the US - Mining ...

Sep 13, 2018  The five largest coal-producing states in the US. In 2016, US coal production slumped to 728 million short tonnes, the lowest annual production since 1979, and an 18.8% year-on-year decline. However, coal production remains a vital element of the world’s energy supply, providing 40% of the world’s electricity.

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4 Coal Mining and Processing Coal: Research and ...

Although the United States has the vast coal resource described in the previous chapter, perhaps as much as 4 trillion tons, the key issue for policy makers is the amount of coal that is economically recoverable.This is not a fixed quantity, but depends on the geological resource, the market price, and the cost of mining. The particular characteristics of the coal mining

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Coal Regulatory Program Colorado Division of Reclamation ...

The Colorado Surface Coal Mining Reclamation Act (Coal Act) was passed by the Colorado General Assembly in response to the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977 (PL 95-87). SMCRA requires all coal mines in the United States to meet minimum performance standards for environmental and public protection and reclamation.

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What Are the Different Types of Surface Mines? Welcome ...

Aug 07, 2013  In the eastern United States, auger mining is used on hillside terrain. It requires a surface cut (removal of overburden and a portion of the coalbed) to allow the auger access to the bed. It is also used to recover part of the coal left from underground mining. In the western United States, auger mining is used in conjunction with strip mining.

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Mine Fires and Burning Refuse - Office of Surface Mining ...

Apr 24, 2017  According to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE), Abandoned Mine Land Inventory System (AMLIS), in 2013 there were 98 underground mine fires in 9 states. This is considered to be an underestimate for the actual number of fires nationwide. Coal Mine States address mine fire and coal refuse fire related emergencies ...

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Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. In North America, where the majority of

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NACCO Industries, Inc. -- Company History

NACCO Industries, Inc. is a medium-sized, diversified holding company consisting of four major operating subsidiaries: the oldest, the North American Coal Corporation, is the tenth-largest producer of lignite (surface-mined) coal in the United States; Hyster-Yale Materials Handling, Inc., which designs and manufactures forklifts for domestic ...

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ap 2005 environmental science free-response questions

3. Most of the coal mined in the United States today comes from surface (strip) mines. In surface mining, the vegetation, soil, and rock covering the coal (referred to as overburden) are removed and set aside. After the coal has been hauled away, good conservation practices require that the overburden be replaced and the surface be

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Memoranda of Understanding: Surface Coal Mining Section ...

Sep 15, 2016  The phrase "surface coal mining operations resulting in the placement of excess spoil fills in the waters of the United States” is intended to apply generally to any mountaintop mines which are returned to their approximate original contour (AOC)[SMCRA Section 515]; mountaintop removal mining [see definitions and performance standards at ...

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Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement ...

The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) is a branch of the United States Department of the Interior.It is the federal agency entrusted with the implementation and enforcement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), which attached a per-ton fee to all extracted coal in order to fund an interest

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